Skip to content Skip to navigation

How the General University GPA is Determined

On the unofficial transcript grade points are assigned to letter grades only. The university uses a 4.3 scale. The grade points associated with each letter grade are as follows:

Letter Grade Grade Points
A+ 4.3
A 4.0
A- 3.7
B+ 3.3
B 3.0
B- 2.7
C+ 2.3
C 2.0
C- 1.7
D+ 1.3
D 1.0
D- 0.7
NP 0.0

Prior to Autumn 2014-15, an "L" grade was assigned a temporarily minimum passing GPA of 0.7 until a final grade was submitted. Beginning in Autumn 2014-15, an "L" grade is assigned a temporarily passing GPA of 2.0 until a final grade is submitted.

No other grades and symbols (i.e., +, CR, *, GNR, RP, N, N-, W, NC, S, I) are used in the calculation of the GPA.

Grade points are also weighted by the unit value of the course. An 'A' in a five-unit course has more value than an 'A' in a one-unit course. When Axess calculates the GPA, it multiplies the unit value of the course times the grade point value of the grade received in the course. For example:

Grade of A (4.0) x 5 units for course1 = 20 grade points
Grade of C+ (2.3) x 3 units for course2 = 6.9 grade points
Grade of NP (0.0) x 4 units for course3 = 0 grade points

The GPA is calculated as follows:

Sum of all (grade point values x units) = G.P.A
Sum of units for all courses graded

Example: you receive a B- in course1 (3 units), an A- in course2 (4 units) and a B+ in course3 (3 units)

To derive the numerator, multiply the grade point value for each course by the units for that course and add the results for all courses. To derive the denominator, sum the units for all courses graded A+ through NP.

(2.7 x 3) + (3.7 x 4) + (3.3 x 3) = 8.1 + 14.8 + 9.9 = 32.8 = 3.28 G.P.A
3 + 4 + 3 10 10

It is important to note that although the 'NP' carries 0.0 grade points, it is still calculated into the grade point average. For instance, if a student took a four-unit course and received an 'A' (4.0 grade points) and another four-unit course and received an 'NP' (0.0 grade points), the grade point average for the student would be 2.0, not 4.0. To illustrate:

Grade of A (4.0) X 4 units for a course = 16 grade points
Grade of NP (0.0) X 4 units for a course = 0 grade points

16 grade points divided by 8 units = 2.0

Undergraduate and Graduate students enrolling in GSB courses

The below table shows the grade point averages assigned to Undergraduate and Graduate students who are graded in Graduate School of Business courses, with a GSB grading basis.

GSB Grade

Equivalent GPA